Transformation of residential planning in Umtata during the post-apartheid transition era

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Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio’s travel planner. There is widespread community transmission globally. Some travel restrictions are being lifted in South Africa. For the latest travel status, please check the official page for South Africa. For travel planning advice, please refer to our Rome2rio Coronavirus information page.

For the latest travel status, we recommend checking the official page for South Africa. Most travel to this country is restricted. Restrictions may also be in place for other modes of transport. More details. Yes, there is a direct bus departing from Umtata and arriving at King William’s Town. Services depart twice daily, and operate every day.

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The city has an airport , previously known by the name K. Matanzima Airport [4] after former leader Kaiser Matanzima. Mthatha derives its name from the nearby Mthatha River which was named after the Sneezewood umtati trees, famous for their wood and medicinal properties. The settlement existed in the s as a buffer-zone, in response to reported tensions between Pondo and neighbouring Thembu groups, and in a magistrate’s office was opened, the first magistrate appointed that year being a man named J F Boyes.

The settlement developed during the next few years, becoming a military post for the British colonial forces in The town itself was founded in , along the banks of the Mthatha River.

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dating the manner in which the diverse social, economic and political factors have manifested themselves in the Ownership and site of property in Umtata.

The political changes in South Africa after necessitated that the Bantustans, the main servers of apartheid planning, be re-incorporated into the mainstream of South Africa, implying the transformation of apartheid residential planning. Since then there has been much speculation about the type of transformation that would be implemented in the Bantustans to effect change in a non-racial South Africa. The aim of this paper is to analyze the effects of post-apartheid territorial restructuring in the former South African Bantustans.

Examining and elucidating the manner in which the diverse social, economic and political factors have manifested themselves in the process of transformation of spatial residential planning in Umtata the former capital city of the Transkei Bantustan since is the central theme of this paper. Using property registers together with changes in legislative policies and land ownership, the transformation pattern was analysed in the former Bantustan capital city Umtata.

The findings indicate that the new South African policies and development strategies have been partially successful in eliminating the incongruencies of the past with regard to access to housing in Umtata. More critical is that this paper suggests that there still remains a greater challenge lingering from the influence of the Bantustan government in the city. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

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It was the capital of Transkei , a nominally independent but not internationally recognized southern African republic that was reincorporated into South Africa in The town began as a European settlement in and functioned as a buffer zone between the warring Pondo and Tembu peoples. A military post was later established there, and it was officially proclaimed a town in A summit meeting of the black homeland leaders was held in the town in , when they decided to federate their own states after independence.

When Transkei was declared independent in , Mthatha as Umtata became its capital. Subsistence agriculture and livestock raising are the primary economic activities in the area; Mthatha has some secondary industries that produce textiles, wood products, foodstuffs, and processed tobacco.

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